The French light tank AMX-13 was produced in 7700 copies, of which 3,400 were exported to 35 countries between 1953 and 1985.
The basis of this armored served to achieve many variations of troop transport the self-propelled gun.
The development began in 1946, was largely financed by the United States and lasted until 1955 in Issy-les-Moulineaux Construction Workshops for completion in 1985.
It was equipped armored turret LF 10 oscillating type armed with the excellent canon semiautomatic SA 50 75 mm with a muzzle velocity of 1,000 m / s, itself derived from the canon of Panther of WW2.
Supply was provided with an innovative system of two rotating cylinders with a capacity of six shells "economized" the use of the charger but need to return back once 12 rounds fired.
The first operational deployment of this tank was during Operation Musketeer Suez in 1956 and were then shipped to Algeria.
The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) uses it in combat during the crisis of the Suez Canal in 1956, the Six Day War of 1967 and the Yom Kippur War of 1973.